What exactly is macular degeneration?
Macular degeneration is the most common cause of loss of central vision in people over 60 years of age. In this disease there is a decrease in central vision, because the macula, which is the sensitive central area of the ocular humor, is affected.
There are two types of macular degeneration: dry and wet .
Macular degeneration of the dry type, is gradual and there is no cure for it. It is recommended to support the function of the eye with vitamins and to avoid smoking. Approximately 10% of those affected will transform to the neovascular wet form of the disease, a clinically more aggressive and destructive, yet more amenable to treatment.
In wet macular degeneration, the decrease in vision is abrupt and accompanied by bleeding in the macula.
What is the treatment of macular degeneration?
The treatment involves the injection of specialized medication into the eye (intraocular injections) every 1 or 2 months.