Osteoporosis is one of many medical issues in the recent years that concern the whole civilized world. It is defined as the decrease of the bone mineral density that affects the structure of the bone and increases the risk of spontaneous fracture. Osteopenia is the asymptomatic condition where there are no fractures involved.
It is known that at least 33% of women will suffer of low bone density mineral after the age of 48 due to menopause, while 20% of men will sustain one or more fractures after the age of 50 due to poor bone quality.
Major risk factors to develop osteoporosis are considered family history, small body frame, unbalanced diet with low amount of calcium and vitamin D, excessive alcohol and cigarette smoking use, high caffeine intake, inactive lifestyle, hormone imbalances due to thyroid or menstruation problems, long term therapy with glucocorticoids, anticoagulants, anti-seizure medications, contraceptives, anti-inflammatories, antineoplastic and PPI medications.
Awareness and prevention is the best strategy against osteoporosis. Although some risk factors cannot be changed there are several that can be reduced or even eliminated in order to prevent osteoporosis. Adequate calcium and vitamin D intake, proper exercising and specific anti-osteoporotic medications can increase the bone quality. Osteopenia can and must be treated before it is developed to osteoporosis.
Early diagnosis along with proper treatment by a Specialized Physician can contribute to a controlled progress of the disease without complications.
The Osteoporosis and Metabolic Bone Disease Department of Mediterraneo Hospital, under the supervision of Dr. Constantinos Tsevdos M.D., M.Sc., provide the latest knowledge and techniques regarding prevention, diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis as well as other metabolic bone diseases.
To request an appointment at the Osteoporosis & Metabolic Bone Disease Department call at +30 210 911 7000